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Crisis Prevention and Recovery

Helping communities to recover from crisis
Helping communities to recover from crisis

Indonesia is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Natural disasters threaten human development and undermine the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Social conflict is another serious development impediment. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) therefore gives top priority to supporting Indonesia’s crisis prevention and recovery efforts.

UNDP is supporting Indonesia’s long-term peace and stability through three key focus areas: (1) disaster risk reduction, (2) peace through development (3) disaster recovery.

Disaster Risk Reduction

Measures to protect and prepare communities living in Indonesia’s disaster-prone areas, as well as assistance to government capacity to respond to an emergency, can help to significantly reduce risk in the event of disaster and foster a culture of safety. UNDP is providing support to community preparation and planning, as well as policy advice and assistance to the Government’s development of disaster risk reduction legislation.

UNDP is supporting disaster risk reduction in Indonesia by:

  • Assisting in the implementation of the landmark Disaster Management Bill passed by Parliament in April, thus helping to further strengthen the regulatory environment for disaster risk reduction actions by individuals, businesses, local governments and national government agencies.
  • Strengthening the capacity of local governments to reduce the impact of disasters, manage disaster hazards, and integrate disaster risk reduction into development planning and budgeting.
  • Building the institutional environment required to provide the scientific, economic, engineering and technical analysis and inputs needed by development decision-makers to make disaster risk reduction a normal part of development policy making.
  • Supporting the development of education and public awareness programmes to create a culture of safety and disaster preparedness at the community level.
  • Funding a range of practical demonstration projects to show how disaster risks can be reduced at local and community levels.

Peace Through Development

Peace Through Development is UNDP’s programme to reduce potential conflict in Indonesia and to enhance post-conflict recovery, focusing on the provinces of Maluku, North Maluku and Central Sulawesi. The programme aims to strengthen governance capacity to support long-term conflict prevention, recovery and peace building. Peace Through Development is also working to improve livelihoods and increase economic opportunities in conflict-affected areas.

The Peace Through Development programme aims to:

  • Strengthen governance capacity to support long-term conflict prevention and peace building;
  • Support livelihoods projects that bring communities together in common endeavors, such as waste management and recycling;
  • Integrate conflict sensitive planning mechanisms into existing development planning processes;
  • Support civil society and the Government in strengthening the conflict regulatory framework;
  • Support women community leaders through conflict resolution training and increasing women’s participation in community development processes;
  • Train stakeholders on conflict sensitive planning across targeted districts;
  • Provide grants for planning processes and peace-building activities.

Disaster Recovery

(a) Aceh and North Sumatra

UNDP is working in close partnership with the Government of Indonesia to implement a long-term development programme in the post-conflict and post-tsunami environment in Aceh and North Sumatra.

To help strengthen sustainable peace and development in Aceh and North Sumatra, UNDP is focusing on promoting good governance, fighting poverty, managing the environment, supporting disaster risk reduction, providing technical support to the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Agency for Aceh and Nias, and supporting peace-building initiatives.

UNDP support to Aceh and North Sumatra includes:

  • Strengthening the Aceh Reintegration Agency (BRA) to ensure the sustained integration of former GAM combatants, over and beyond the 3,000 combatants indicated in the peace agreement of 2005;
  • Identifying the victims of the conflict and helping to address their grievances;
  • Assisting the implementation of the Law on Governing Aceh (LOGA) to help create a stronger and more transparent system of governance;
  • Supporting the “Aceh Programme for Economic Development” (APED) to promote sustainable economic growth by encouraging public-private partnerships and networks and supporting economic activity to raise the level of commodity exports from the province;
  • Bolstering infrastructure rehabilitation, including port redevelopment;
  • Strengthening community-based disaster risk management initiatives and establishing comprehensive public awareness campaigns to support disaster risk reduction in Aceh and North Sumatra;
  • Supporting livelihoods recovery by strengthening the capacity and role of civil society organizations;
  • Raising awareness of property rights and supporting local dispute resolution;
  • Supporting disaster risk reduction policy awareness-raising campaigns;
  • Improving the legal framework to enhance access to justice;
  • Providing technical support to the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Agency for Aceh and Nias.

(b) Yogyakarta and Central Java

UNDP’s Early Recovery Assistance (ERA) programme is supporting the ongoing Yogyakarta and Central Java recovery from the May 2006 earthquake through income generating activities and the provision of shelter. ERA is further working to mainstream disaster risk reduction for long-term community resilience in the affected areas.

UNDP is supporting the ongoing Yogyakarta and Central Java earthquake recovery by:

  • Boosting livelihoods through income-generating grants in partnership with community based organizations to support village artisans, weavers, potters, craft and small food vendors;
  • Providing targeted support to the recovery of more than 1,000 micro-enterprises and assisting with the livelihood recovery of 20,000 impacted households;
  • Enhancing the Government’s programme for Yogyakarta and Central Java reconstruction, with particular attention to transitional shelter or “roof first” interventions;
  • Providing over 2,000 households with transitional shelters or roof structures through shelter assistance.

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