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UNDP in Papua
Supporting Development in Tanah Papua
UNDP is providing supports to Papua and West Papua provinces through People-centered Development Programme (PCDP). The aim of the programme is to strengthen local government and civil society capacities to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Developing key capacities within local government and civil society to formulate and implement appropriate, locally-specific and targeted development programmes in the sub-regions of Papua and West Papua is an important pre-condition for the successful implementation of Special Autonomy and the achievement of MDGs in Indonesia’s eastern-most provinces.
PDP entails a range of activities relating to these four areas. The programme adds value to existing and planned initiatives by improving coordination, creating opportunities for cross-actor learning, partnerships and trust-building. It is a five-year programme of support, through which further collaborative programmes will be developed to ensure more effective and sustained development assistance to Papua and West Papua.
Policy Development and MDGs Monitoring
Attaining the MDGs has become a major priority in Papua’s development vision. The Government Program Rencana Strategis Pembangunan Kampung/RESPEK (or Strategic Village Development Plan) whereby each village in Papua receives a block grant of Rp 100 million to use themselves for community development, has incorporated the MDGs as a reference for the Papua Government to measure this development. In West Papua, efforts to attain the MDGs are reflected in the technical planning of sectoral departments.
In West Papua, through PDP, the local stakeholders have improved their skills in natural resources mapping and facilitating community groups in developing sustainable natural resources management.
Seven Pro-poor Planning Officers have been facilitating targeted districts to plan and prepare budgets from sectoral departments related to MDGs for pro-poor orientation in a transparent and performance-orientated way, as well as providing training to kabupaten government officials and technical department staffs. Five districts have developed development strategic plans at sub-district level.
Also in partnership with BPS-Statistics Indonesia, PDP provides on-going support to the development of a Papua MDG database. Six target districts have also started mainstreaming MDGs into their development plans after receiving training from PDP in transparent and performance-orientated strategic planning.
Twenty-two United Nations Volunteers, 28 civil society organizations and three Senior NGOs who play a capacity building role to the CSOs have been working in the selected villages and sub-districts to increase incomes through livelihoods activities; provide health and education related services to the most marginalized communities; improve local infrastructure to support economic activity and access to services; and promote planning and women’s empowerment to improve community dialogue and development outcomes.
PDP is supporting Bappeda and BP3D in conducting development partners’ coordination meetings and has published five periodical Donor Harmonisation Booklets to support the government in coordinating donor and government programmes and policies. PDP is a partner to other UN agencies active in Papua and West Papua, including UNICEF, ILO, WHO, the World Bank and UNV. PDP has been actively involving in formulation and implementation of the UN Joint Programme in the Papua Highlands (Districts of Jayawijaya and Lanny Jaya). Together with ILO, PDP have conducted joint training on gender and entrepreneurship development for NUNVs and the target beneficiaries.
In 2004, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in collaboration with central and local governments undertook a needs assessment to develop a deeper understanding of the situation in Papua. The assessment looked at: 1) local government capacities, 2) civil society and community-based organizations’ activities, 3) community conditions and livelihoods needs, 4) the nexus between gender, the environment, governance and public finance.
The Papua Needs Assessment operated as an inclusive, multi-stakeholder consultation.
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